Flexible ITO-Free Roll-Processed Large-Area Nonfullerene Organic Solar Cells Based on P3HT:O-IDTBR

Marcial Fernández Castro, Eva Mazzolini, Roar R. Søndergaard, Moises Espindola Rodriguez*, Jens Wenzel Andreasen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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The mark of 18% power conversion efficiency (PCE) was recently overcome by laboratoryscale organic solar cells (OSCs) thanks to the development of nonfullerene acceptors (NFAs). NFA-based solar cells show improved performance and stability compared with those of their fullerene-acceptor-based counterparts. However, only a few studies focus on scalable deposition techniques or roll to-roll compatible processing, which is of paramount importance for the commercialization of the technology. Here, we report a simple and fast fabrication of slot-die-coated poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl):(5Z,5’Z)-5,5’-{[7,7’-(4,4,9,9-tetraoctyl-4,9 dihydro-s-indaceno[1,2-b:5, 6-b’]dithiophene-2,7-diyl)bis(benzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazole-7,4-diyl)]bis(methanylylidene)}bis(3-ethyl-2-thi oxothiazolidin-4-one) (P3HT:O-IDTBR) OSCs using a roll platform on flexible ITO-free substrates under ambient conditions. We show that the optical band gap of the active layer increases when an isopropanoldiluted poly(3,4 ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) hole-transport layer is coated on top of it, changing the device properties. Optimization of the coating conditions leads to the achievement of up to 3.6% PCE for single cells of 1 cm2 fabricated under ambient conditions with flexographic printed Ag back electrodes, compared with solar cells with evaporated Ag (3.8% PCE), Au (2.1% PCE), or Cu (3.0% PCE) back contacts. OSCs with larger areas of 4 cm2 with 2.3% PCE are also fabricated, where the fast increase of the series resistance with the area is the main PCE-limiting factor. The efficiencies herein reported for NFAs obtained by roll processing show the excellent potential of the P3HT:O-IDTBR blend for large-scale fabrication.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Issue number3
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2020


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