Abstract: The vacancy formation energy and the vacancy formation volume of the 3d, 4d, and 5d transition and noble metals have been calculated within the local-density approximation. The calculations employ the order-N locally self-consistent Green's-function method in conjunction with a supercell approach and include electrostatic multipole corrections to the atomic sphere approximation. The results are in excellent agreement with available full-potential calculations and with the vacancy formation energies obtained in positron annihilation measurements. The variation of the vacancy formation energy through a transition-metal series and the effects of crystal and magnetic structure are investigated and discussed. [S0163-1829(99)07717-6].
Bibliographical noteCopyright (1999) by the American Physical Society.
- GROUND-STATE PROPERTIES