Finite time singularities in a class of hydrodynamic models

V.P. Ruban, D.I. Podolsky, J. Juul Rasmussen

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    Models of inviscid incompressible fluid are considered, with the kinetic energy (i.e., the Lagrangian functional) taking the form L approximately integral k(alpha)/vk/2dk in 3D Fourier representation, where alpha is a constant, 0<alpha<1. Unlike the case alpha=0 (the usual Eulerian hydrodynamics), a finite value of alpha results in a finite energy for a singular, frozen-in vortex filament. This property allows us to study the dynamics of such filaments without the necessity of a regularization procedure for short length scales. The linear analysis of small symmetrical deviations from a stationary solution is performed for a pair of antiparallel vortex filaments and an analog of the Crow instability is found at small wave numbers. A local approximate Hamiltonian is obtained for the nonlinear long-scale dynamics of this system. Self-similar solutions of the corresponding equations are found analytically. They describe the formation of a finite time singularity, with all length scales decreasing like (t*-t)(1/(2-alpha)), where t* is the singularity time.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPhysical Review E
    Issue number5
    Pages (from-to)056306.1 - 056306.9
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

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