The results of the TNA process are available for integration into national planning processes and for funding and implementation by interested stakeholders. Participating countries gain improved in-country capacity on the methodologies and process of conducting a TNA, including stakeholder engagement, multi-criteria analysis, barrier analysis and preparation of project concepts, including financial proposals. The outputs of the project will be generated using a transparent participatory approach, with strong national stakeholder engagement, which will enable national consensuses on priority technologies and actions to emerge.
The TNA project has three main steps (Figure 1) starting with the prioritization of technologies for mitigation and adaptation using a multi-criteria analysis (MCA) within a few sectors based on national and sectoral development priorities and alignment with NDCs. The actions needed to implement the prioritized technologies are proposed within the TAP. They emanate from the Barrier Analysis and Enabling Framework step, which helps identify a wide variety of barriers (economic, legal, institutional, social, cultural, market, technical, etc.) and possible means of addressing these barriers, including policy options for creating enabling frameworks. Ways of addressing the barriers are then prioritized, high-priority measures being included in the Technology Action Plans (TAPs) and referred to as actions. These actions are further broken down into activities, some activities in the TAP becoming project ideas. These project ideas can then be scaled up further into project concepts and finally into full proposals for submission to donors and financiers to enable implementation.
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