Final report on in-reactor tensile tests on OFHC - Copper and CuCrZr alloy

B.N Singh, D.J. Edwards, S. Tähtinen, P. Moilanen, P. Jacquet, J. Dekeyser

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    Abstract

    At present, practically nothing is known about the dynamic response of materials subjected simultaneously to an external force and a flux of neutrons. In an endeavour to elucidate some of the essential features of the deformation behaviour under these conditions, we have recently performed a series of uniaxial tensile tests on pure copper and a CuCrZr alloy in a fission reactor at 363 and 393K. In the following, we first describe the experiments and then present results illustrating the build up of stress as a function of concurrently increasing strain and displacement dose level. Results on both pre- and post-deformation microstructures determined on the unirradiated as well as irradiated specimens using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) are also presented.

    In these experiments, the transition from elastic to plastic regime occurs without any transient such as yield drop. As a result of the combination of strain and radiation hardening, the rate of hardening in the plastic regime is found to be enhanced. The rate of hardening, the maximum level of hardening and the magnitude of the total elongation achieved during an in-reactor test are found to depend strongly on the pre-yield dose level (i.e. the level of the neutron fluence received by the material prior to the on set of plastic deformation). Dislocation activities in these experiments are significantly reduced compared to that in the case of the deformation of unirradiated materials. Even in the absence of a yield drop, the plastic deformation is found to be localized in the form of cleared channels. The phenomenon of cleared channel formation also appears to be affected by the pre-yield dose level. The evolution of these channels appears to control the uniform elongation and the lifetime of the specimens. The main implications of these results are briefly discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationRoskilde
    PublisherRisø National Laboratory
    Number of pages47
    ISBN (Electronic)87-550-3377-6
    Publication statusPublished - 2004
    SeriesDenmark. Forskningscenter Risoe. Risoe-R
    Number1481(EN)
    ISSN0106-2840

    Keywords

    • Risø-R-1481
    • Risø-R-1481(EN)

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