Field-induced magnetic incommensurability in multiferroic Ni3TeO6
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review
95 Downloads (Pure)
Using single-crystal neutron diffraction we show that the magnetic structure Ni3TeO6 at fields above 8.6 T along the c axis and low temperature changes from a commensurate collinear antiferromagnetic structure with spins along c and ordering vector QC=(001.5) to a conical spiral with propagation vector QIC=(001.5±δ), δ∼0.18, having a significant spin component in the (a,b) plane. We determine the phase diagram of this material in magnetic fields up to 10.5 T along c and show the phase transition between the low field and conical spiral phases is of first order by observing a discontinuous jump of the ordering vector. QIC is found to drift both as a function of magnetic field and temperature. Preliminary inelastic neutron-scattering data reveal that the spin-wave gap in zero field has minima exactly at QIC and a gap of about 1.1 meV consisting with a crossover around 8.6 T. Further, a simple magnetic Hamiltonian accounting in broad terms for these is presented. Our findings confirm the exclusion of the inverse Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction as a cause for the giant magnetoelectric due to symmetry arguments. In its place we advocate for the symmetric exchange striction as the origin of this effect.