Fibre Bragg Grating as a Multi-Stage Structure Health Monitoring Sensor

Gilmar Ferreira Pereira

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Abstract

There is a clear need to implement models and measurement systems through the entire life of the wind turbine blade. In this chapter will be presented some work conducted to implement optical fibres as a multi-stage sensor, capable to measure different structural properties, and link them with all the different life stages and support a better design of the wind turbine blades. The characteristics and functionality of fibre Bragg grating sensors are briefly introduced. Their application as multi-stage structure health monitoring sensors for polymer laminate composite is then described. At the manufacturing stage, where the sensors can measure several parameters of infusion and curing, sensor feedback can help control the process, avoid residual strain, and contribute to the product certification; and then in operation where cracks can be detected and monitored. Experimental mechanical testing involving crack growth and fibre Bragg sensing is described that highlights the response from the fibre optic which will correctly detect the presence and growth of damage. Models to implement these results in a damage detection system for a wind turbine blade can then be developed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMARE-WINT. New Materials and Reliability in Offshore Wind Turbine Technology
Editors Wiesław Ostachowicz , Malcolm McGugan, Jens-Uwe Schröder-Hinrichs, Marcin Luczak
PublisherSpringer
Publication date2016
Pages53-66
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-39094-9
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-39095-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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