Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems

Michel E. Marhic, Peter A. Andrekson, Periklis Petropoulos, Stojan Radic, Christophe Peucheret, Mahmoud Jazayerifar

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Abstract

The prospects for using fiber optical parametric amplifiers (OPAs) in optical communication systems are reviewed. Phase-insensitive amplifiers (PIAs) and phase-sensitive amplifiers (PSAs) are considered. Low-penalty amplification at/or near 1 Tb/s has been achieved, for both wavelength- and time-division multiplexed formats. High-quality mid-span spectral inversion has been demonstrated at 0.64 Tb/s, avoiding electronic dispersion compensation. All-optical amplitude regeneration of amplitude-modulated signals has been performed, while PSAs have been used to demonstrate phase regeneration of phase-modulated signals. A PSA with 1.1-dB noise figure has been demonstrated, and preliminary wavelength-division multiplexing experiments have been performed with PSAs. 512Gb/s have been transmitted over 6,000km by periodic phase conjugation. Simulations indicate that PIAs could reach data rate x reach products in excess of 14,000 Tb/s x km in realistic wavelength-division multiplexed long-haul networks. Technical challenges remaining to be addressed in order for fiber OPAs to become useful for long-haul communication networks are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalLaser & Photonics Reviews
Volume9
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)50-74
ISSN1863-8880
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • OPTICS
  • PHYSICS,
  • PHASE-SENSITIVE AMPLIFICATION
  • PRESERVING AMPLITUDE REGENERATION
  • HIGHLY NONLINEAR FIBER
  • RZ-DPSK SIGNAL
  • NOISE-FIGURE
  • TRANSMISSION EXPERIMENT
  • LINEAR-AMPLIFIERS
  • LOOP MIRROR
  • PERFORMANCE
  • GAIN
  • parametric amplifiers
  • fiber optic communication
  • fiber nonlinearities
  • phase-sensitive amplification
  • signal regeneration
  • phase regeneration
  • mid-span spectral inversion

Cite this

Marhic, M. E., Andrekson, P. A., Petropoulos, P., Radic, S., Peucheret, C., & Jazayerifar, M. (2015). Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems. Laser & Photonics Reviews, 9(1), 50-74. https://doi.org/10.1002/lpor.201400087