Fiber movements and sound attenuation in glass wool

Viggo Tarnow

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    Abstract

    Propagation of a plane harmonic sound wave in fiber materials such as glass wool is studied theoretically and experimentally. Wave equations are set up that take into account the movement of the fiber skeleton. The attenuation of the sound wave in slabs of glass wool was calculated and measured. The main new result is that the experimental attenuation at low-frequency propagating wave is lower when the fibers move. For wave with frequency 100 Hz in glass wool of density 20 kg/m3, the attenuation of a layer of thickness 0.20 m is 4 dB if the fibers move, and 12 dB if they do not move. The attenation was computed from the fiber diameters and their density, which was found from the mass density. Measured attenuation is lower than the values calculated. Nevertheless, if the density is adjusted, a complete fit is obtained between experimental and theoretical values for frequencies 50-5000 Hz.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalAcoustical Society of America. Journal
    Volume105
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)234 - 240
    ISSN0001-4966
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1999

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    Copyright (1999) Acoustical Society of America. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the Acoustical Society of America.

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