Few-photon Transport in Photonic Devices.

Research output: Book/ReportPh.D. thesisResearch

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Abstract

Realising a platform for efficiently guiding and manipulating light at the singlephoton level lies at the heart of optical quantum information processing. In this thesis we aid in the pursuit of this goal by analysing few-photon transport properties in photonic devices while keeping in mind possible applications and experimental challenges. We especially focus on single and two-photon transport properties in one-dimensional waveguides coupled to (artificial) atoms modelled as two and three-level emitters. We begin by introducing key concepts relevant for this thesis and then explain how to model such waveguide geometries. We show how directional-dependent coupling between a waveguide and a localized quantum system can be modelled from a chain of harmonic oscillators by allowing the system to couple to more than one site. Using the input-output formalism and scattering matrix theory we determine a general form for the single and two-photon S-matrices for a waveguide coupled to a two-level system. We also explain how to engineer a quantum optical Fanoresonance waveguide geometry and calculate how this modifies the S-matrices,
the few-photon scattering probabilities, and the scattered output spectra. We show that the nonlinear effects in such a system generates highly correlated directional scattering probabilities. We device a protocol that can generate maximal entanglement between two spectrally distinct solid-state emitters by the use of multi-photon scattering. The results also reveal a rich structure for multi-photon states interacting with non-identical emitters. As a final investigation, we quantify how spectral diffusion in quantum dots affects finite-width single and two-photon scattering. Single-photon scattering probabilities are described by a simple convolution but this is not the case for a two-photon state scattering off a two-level emitter. We show that the effect of spectral wandering depletes the nonlinear scattering properties, but that it affects co and counter-propagating output probabilities differently.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherTechnical University of Denmark
Number of pages123
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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