Plant-based dairy alternatives are gaining increasing interest, e.g. alternatives to yoghurt, cheese and butter. In all these products butter flavor (diacetyl + acetoin) plays an important role. We previously have reported efficient butter flavor formation from low value dairy side streams using a dairy isolate of Lactococcus lactis deficient in lactate dehydrogenase. Here we have tested the ability of this strain, RD1M5, to form butter flavor in plant milks based on oat and soy. We found that oat milk, with its high sugar content, supported more efficient production of butter aroma, when compared to soy milk. When supplemented with glucose, efficient butter aroma production was achieved in soy milk as well. We also carried out an extended adaptive laboratory evolution of the dairy strain in oat milk. After two months of adaptation, we obtained a strain with enhanced capacity for producing butter aroma. Despite of its high sugar content, RD1M5 and its adapted version only metabolized approximately 10% of the fermentable sugars available in the oat milk, which we found was due to amino acid starvation and partly starvation for vitamins. The study demonstrates that dairy cultures have great potential for use in plant-based fermentations.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberfnac105
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Issue number1
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Adaptive laboratory evolution
  • Butter aroma
  • Diary culture
  • Lactic acid bacteria
  • Plant-based


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