Feasibility study and business model development for low carbon district heating systems in Mongolia

Busjav Namkhainyam, Pashka Byambatsogt, Romanas Savickas, Ivanov Nyamtsetseg, Sodnomtseren Altantsetseg

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Abstract

The diagnostic of the political, economic, legal and regulatory situation of Mongolia reveals that a key factor for realization of the project “Scaling up the implementation of low carbon district heating systems in Mongolia” is the Government’s commitment to take serious regulatory measures in support of low carbon renewable–based district heating system (DHS). In the absence of renewable-based heating-specific policies, particularly tariff regulations it is hardly possible to mobilize financing, realize the project and successfully operate DHS.

The assessment of the existing heating system in soum centers has shown that the existing coal-fired heating boilers generate high level of pollution and emission and continued use of these boiler houses is not promising in terms of energy and economic efficiency and environmental sustainability. The private owners as well as operators of heating boilers at soum level do not have financial capacity to invest in renewable-based DHS, have a limited number of professional experts and lack knowledge and expertise about low carbon heating technologies.

The project team has carried out assessment of 2-3 technologies for each of the selected areas; Bayanchandmani and Kharkhorin soums and Khonkhor village and recommended closed loop ground source heat pump (GSHP) with an electric boiler for Bayanchandmani and Kharkhorin soums and air source heat pump with electric boiler for Khonkhor village.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages121
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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