Feasibility of optimizing large utility electricity customers on a distribution feeder

Alessandro Pensini, A. Mammoli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The cost of electricity for a building can be lowered by applying optimization strategies that provide optimal purchasing schedules for the building operation under a variable electricity price. From the DSO perspective, this introduces benefits to the grid. The optimal schedule
better follows the electricity price, which in turn reflects the DSO requirements. However, most optimization tools are intended for minimizing the costs of a single user and do not take into account the grid operation. If large customers in the same area optimize their schedules,
unwanted ‘artificial’ peaks may occur on the feeder that the DSO has to deal with. Peaks height can be lowered by applying an upper bound to the purchased electricity in the mathematical formulation of the optimization problem. However, introducing a further constraint reduces the economic benefit for optimizing customers. This study assesses the peak reduction potential of introducing the additional constraint while keeping appealing economic benefits for the customers. DER-CAM, an optimization tool developed at LBNL was used for simulating the operation of three large typical commercial customers over a week. Results prove the peak shaving ability of the proposed model that delivers schedules where the peaks height can be reduced by a given degree. The additional power constraint reduces overload time by 54% while
maintaining the electricity bill substantially equal to the optimal unconstrained formulation (1% cost increase). Reducing overload feeder time allows for larger electric load s to be optimized and fosters the diffusion of microgrids and DERs.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of CYSENI 2014
Publication date2014
Pages112-119
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventCYSENI 2014: 11th Annual International Conference of Young Scientist on Energy Issues - Kaunas, Lithuania
Duration: 29 May 201430 May 2014

Conference

ConferenceCYSENI 2014
CountryLithuania
CityKaunas
Period29/05/201430/05/2014

Keywords

  • Smartgrids
  • Microgrids
  • Optimization
  • Energy storage

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