Purpose To test the feasibility of tools and procedures for a pan-European food consumption survey among children 0-10 years and to recommend one of two tested dietary assessment methods. Methods Two pilot studies including 378 children were conducted in Belgium and the Czech Republic in the Pilot studies for Assessment of Nutrient intake and food Consumption among Kids in Europe. One protocol included a 3-day food diary which was checked with a parent, and data were entered afterwards using EPIC-Soft. The alternative protocol consisted of two non-consecutive 1-day food diaries followed by EPIC-Soft completion interviews. Both protocols included general and food propensity questionnaires and anthropometric measurements. The protocols were compared using evaluation questionnaires among the participating parents and study personnel. Results The parents found the questionnaires and instructions for filling in the food diaries understandable. Food description and food quantification was evaluated as problematic by 29 and 15 % of the participants for the 3-day diaries versus 15 and 12 % for the 1-day diaries. The protocol with 1-day food diaries was evaluated as less burdensome by the parents and logistically more challenging by the interviewers. Conclusions Both dietary assessment methods with related tools and administration protocols were evaluated as feasible. The administration protocol with two 1-day food diaries with completion interviews offers more advantages for the future pan-European survey in children 0-10 years. The positive evaluation of feasibility of tools and materials is an important step towards harmonised food consumption data at European level among the younger age groups. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Dietary assessment
- Food consumption survey
Ocké, M., Brants, H., Dofkova, M., Freisling, H., van Rossum, C., Ruprich, J., Slimani, N., Temme, E., Trolle, E.
, Vandevijvere, S., Huybrechts, I., & de Boer, E. (2014). Feasibility of dietary assessment methods, other tools and procedures for a pan-European food consumption survey among infants, toddlers and children
. European Journal of Nutrition