Fear follows form: a study of the relationship between neighbourhood type, income and fear of crime at train stations

Sofie Kirt Strandbygaard*, Otto Anker Nielsen, Alan Keith Spence Jones, Bo Grönlund, Lotte Bjerregaard Jensen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

In pursuing fear-reduction strategies in public transport, the
total experience of accessing rail stations should be taken into account.
This article correlates passengers’ fear of crime at train stations with
neighborhood types and income data within the pedestrian catchment
area. The research is based on urban form and income around 84
S-train stations in the Copenhagen metropolitan area and nine years of
passenger surveys on fear of crime at these stations. The study reveals a
significant positive correlation between low income and fear of crime;
the lower the income in an urban area, the more unsafe passengers feel
at the station. However, when controlling for the relationship between
income, safety and neighborhood type, stations in neighborhoods with
urban form associated with low incomes have the lowest ratings of
safety. The research indicates that train passengers’ sense of security is
connected to neighborhood type and the city’s planning characteristics.
This is an important finding for urban designers and planners working
on the integration of public transport and station design in urban areas.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Transport and Land Use
Volume13
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)585-603
ISSN1938-7849
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Land use
  • Neighbourhood type
  • Fear of crime
  • Stations

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