Fault-Tolerant Continuous-Variable Measurement-based Quantum Computation Architecture

Mikkel V. Larsen*, Christopher Chamberland, Kyungjoo Noh, Jonas S. Neergaard-Nielsen, Ulrik L. Andersen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Continuous variable measurement-based quantum computation on cluster states has in recent years shown great potential for scalable, universal, and fault-tolerant quantum computation when combined with the Gottesman-Kitaev-Preskill (GKP) code and quantum error correction. However, no complete fault-tolerant architecture exists that includes everything from cluster state generation with finite squeezing to gate implementations with realistic noise and error correction. In this work, we propose a simple architecture for the preparation of a cluster state in three dimensions in which gates by gate teleportation can be efficiently implemented. To accommodate scalability, we propose architectures that allow for both spatial and temporal multiplexing, with the temporal encoded version requiring as little as two squeezed light sources. Due to its three-dimensional structure, the architecture supports topological qubit error correction, while GKP error correction is efficiently realized within the architecture by teleportation. To validate fault-tolerance, the architecture is simulated using surface-GKP codes, including noise from GKP-states as well as gate noise caused by finite squeezing in the cluster state. We find a fault-tolerant squeezing threshold of 12.7 dB with room for further improvement.
Original languageEnglish
Article number030325
JournalPRX Quantum
Issue number3
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - 2021


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