Fatty acid biosynthesis VII. Substrate control of chain-length of products synthesised by rat liver fatty acid synthetase

Heinz Johs. Max Hansen, E.M. Carey, R. Dils

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    Abstract

    - 1. Gas-liquid and paper chromatography have been used to determine the chain-lengths of fatty acids synthesised by purified rat liver fatty acid synthetase from [1-14C]acetyl-CoA, [1,3-14C2]malonyl-CoA and from [1-14C]acetyl-CoA plus partially purified rat liver acetyl-CoA carboxylase. - 2. A wide range (C4:0–C18:0) of fatty acids was synthesised and the proportions were modified by substrate concentrations in the same manner as for purified rabbit mammary gland fatty acid synthetase. - 3. The relative amount of radioactivity incorporated from added acetyl-CoA and malonyl-CoA depended on the substrate concentrations used. At excess acetyl-CoA to malonyl-CoA, greater amounts of acetyl-CoA were incorporated than theoretically expected from the malonyl-CoA pathway. At excess malonyl-CoA, less acetyl-CoA was incorporated than theoretically expected. - 4. An increase in the chain-length of fatty acids synthesised from malonyl-CoA was observed with increasing malonyl-CoA concentrations and malonyl-CoA to acetyl-CoA ratios. A similar increase was observed when increasing amounts of a malonyl-CoA generating system were added. However, at the same overall rate of synthesis, a lower proportion of long-chain fatty acids was synthesised from carboxylated acetyl-CoA than from added malonyl-CoA. - 5. It is suggested that acetyl-CoA carboxylase may carboxylate acetate bound to fatty acid synthetase.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism
    Volume210
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)400-410
    ISSN0005-2760
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1970

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