Fatigue Load Sensitivity Based Optimal Active Power Dispatch For Wind Farms

Haoran Zhao, Qiuwei Wu, Shaojun Huang, Mohammad Shahidehpour, Qinglai Guo, Hongbin Sun

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Abstract

This paper proposes an optimal active power dispatch algorithm for wind farms based on Wind Turbine (WT) load sensitivity. The control objectives include tracking power references from the system operator and minimizing fatigue loads
experienced by WTs. The sensitivity of WT fatigue loads to power references is defined which simplifies the formulation of the optimal power dispatch problem. Since the sensitivity value is calculated at the local WT controller, the computation burden of the central wind farm controller is largely reduced. Moreover, explicit analytical equations of the fatigue load sensitivity are derived, which significantly improves the computation efficiency of the local WT controller. The proposed algorithm can be implemented in different active power control schemes. Case studies were conducted with a wind farm under balance control for both low and high wind conditions. By comparing the rainflow cycles and Damage Equivalent Load (DEL), the efficacy of the proposed algorithm is verified.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy
Volume8
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)1247-1259
Number of pages13
ISSN1949-3029
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Fatigue load
  • Load sensitivity
  • Optimal active power dispatch
  • Wind Farm
  • Wind turbine

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