Farm specific risk factors for Campylobacter colonization of broilers in six European countries

Birgitte Borck Høg, Helle Mølgaard Sommer, N. Williams, Y. Merga, M. Cerda Cuellar, R. Dolz, K Wieczorek, J Osek, B. David, M. Hofshagen, J. Wagenaar, N. M. Bolder, Hanne Rosenquist

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Abstract

This study was part of the EU financed project CamCon. The objective of the study was to identify on-farm risk factors for Campylobacter colonization of broiler flocks based on comparable data from six European countries. The data included explanatory variables from a large questionnaire concerning production, farm management procedures and conditions, climate data on mean temperature, sunshine hours, precipitation, as well as data on Campylobacter status of broiler flocks. Overall, the study comprised data from more than 6000 flocks. The data were analyzed using a generalized linear model using backwards elimination and forward selection. Due to the structure of the data, several models were explored, by applying different strategies for categorizing explanatory variables and for selection and elimination of variables in the model. The risk of broiler flocks becoming colonized with Campylobacter was clearly affected by country. In descending order; broiler flocks were more likely to be colonized in Poland, the UK, Spain, the Netherlands, Denmark and Norway due to country specific factors that could not be explained by the management and climate variables in the explored models. The seasonality in the prevalence of Campylobacter was described nicely by temperature, i.e. the number of positive flock increased with increasing temperatures. The age of broiler houses, presence of anterooms and barriers in all houses, designated tools for each house as well as length of downtime and the type of drinker systems were found to affect the risk of the broiler flocks becoming colonized by Campylobacter.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 18th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter, and Related Organisms – CHRO 2015 : Delegate Handbook
Publication date2015
Pages127
Article numberPO22
ISBN (Print)978-0-473-34059-9
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-473-34060-5
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event18th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms - Rotorua, New Zealand
Duration: 1 Nov 20155 Nov 2015
Conference number: 18

Conference

Conference18th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms
Number18
CountryNew Zealand
CityRotorua
Period01/11/201505/11/2015

Cite this

Borck Høg, B., Sommer, H. M., Williams, N., Merga, Y., Cerda Cuellar, M., Dolz, R., Wieczorek, K., Osek, J., David, B., Hofshagen, M., Wagenaar, J., Bolder, N. M., & Rosenquist, H. (2015). Farm specific risk factors for Campylobacter colonization of broilers in six European countries. In Proceedings of the 18th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter, and Related Organisms – CHRO 2015: Delegate Handbook (pp. 127). [PO22] http://www.chro2015.com/files/CHRO_Guidebook.pdf