Failures and Defects in the Building Process: Applying the Bow-Tie Approach

Kirsten Jørgensen

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    Function failures, defects, mistakes and poor communication are major problems for the construction sector. As the empirical element in the research, a large construction site was observed from the very start to the very end and all failures and defects of a certain size were recorded and analysed. The methodological approach used in this analysis was the bow-tie model from the area of safety research. It combines critical-event analysis for both causes and effects with event-tree analysis. Analysing the many critical events in the building process with the bow-tie model visualises the complexity of causes. This visualisation offers the possibility for a much more direct and focused discussion of what needs doing, by whom and when – not only to avoid the number of defects in the final product, but also to make the building process flow much better and reduce the need for damage control.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationConstruction Facing Worldwide Challenges
    Number of pages237
    Place of PublicationDubrovnik
    Publication date2009
    ISBN (Print)978-953-6272-34-1
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    EventJoint International Symposium : WO65 & WO55 -
    Duration: 1 Jan 2009 → …


    ConferenceJoint International Symposium : WO65 & WO55
    Period01/01/2009 → …

    Bibliographical note

    Executive summery


    • Building process,
    • Failures and defects,
    • Cause-effect analysis


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