Exposure of Norway spruce to ozone increases the sensitivity of current year needles to photoinhibition and desiccation

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Abstract

Physiological effects of ozone exposure over three consecutive growing seasons on current year needles of Norway spruce were studied in open-top chambers, during daily Fumigation cycles in the summer, and after the termination of ozone fumigation in autumn 1990. The trees were exposed to two levels of ozone: charcoal filtered air and non-filtered air to which 30 nl I−1 of ozone was added in three consecutive years from 1988 to 1990, daily from May to September (8 hours a day). Photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, transpiration and chlorophyll fluorescence were studied on selected days. Significant decreases in net photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence (FN/FM) were found during periods with co-occurrence of high ozone concentrations And high light intensities, indicating interactions between effects of ozone and photoinhibition. After termination of fumigation enhanced rates of photosynthesis were seen in the trees which had been exposed to ozone. A significant decrease in FN/FM was found for twigs from ozone treated trees when exposed to severe desiccation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume128
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)153-163
Number of pages11
ISSN0028-646X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Keywords

  • Air Pollution
  • Chlorophyl fluorescence
  • Open-top chambers
  • Photosynthesis
  • Pieca abies (Norway spruce)

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