The high platinum loadings required to compensate for the slow kinetics of the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) impede the widespread uptake of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells. In order to improve the ORR kinetics and reduce the Pt loading, we can tailor the electronic properties of the Pt surface atoms by means of alloying Pt with other metals. Researchers have intensively studied alloys of Pt with late transition metals such as Ni and Co during the last decades. However, these compounds typically degrade under fuel cell reaction conditions, due to dealloying. In contrast, alloys of Pt and lanthanides present very negative enthalpy of formation [1,2], which should increase their resistance to degradation.
|Conference||PRiME 2016/230th ECS Meeting|
|Period||02/10/2016 → 07/10/2016|
Escribano, M. E., Malacrida, P., Hansen, M. H., Vej-Hansen, U. G., Velazquez-Palenzuela, A. A.
, Tripkovic, V., Schiøtz, J.
, Rossmeisl, J., Stephens, I., & Chorkendorff, I.
(2016). Exploring the Lanthanide Contraction to Tune the Activity and Stability of Pt
. Electrochemical Society. Meeting Abstracts (Online)
, . http://ma.ecsdl.org/content/MA2016-02/38/2403.abstract?sid=8e89ee97-71a3-4c75-841b-bfd8d4234303