Exploratory studies of the Cu–Pd–Se system at 650 °C, 550 °C, 400 °C, and 300 °C

Emil Makovicky, Sven Karup-Møller

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Abstract

The condensed-phase system Cu–Pd–Se was investigated by means of dry syntheses from elements in evacuated silica glass tubes at 650 °C, 550 °C, 400 °C, and 300 °C. Synthetized phases were analysed by electron microprobe and textural studies in polished sections. At 650 °C an extensive selenide liquid field covers central portions of the system, coexisting with a limited choice of Pd selenides, Cu2−xSe, alloys, and a (Cu,Pd)Se2 solid solution. The selenide melt recedes to the Pd side of the system at 550 °C and its remnants persist at 400 °C. At the lower temperature, the gamut of Pd selenides becomes richer, and especially Pd4Se and Pd17Se15 display significant solubility of Cu. The composition range of (Cu,Pd)Se2 broadens and moves towards Cu-richer compositions as temperature decreases; CuSe and CuSe2 appear at 300 °C. The synthetic analogue of jaguéite, Cu2Pd3Se4, is present at 400 °C and 300 °C, at Se concentrations above the Cu2−xSe–Pd17Se15 line. At all examined temperatures, the individualized CuPd alloy dissolves Se, up to ~5 at% at low temperatures.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Mineralogy
Volume29
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)645-652
Number of pages8
ISSN0935-1221
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Cu–Pd–Se system
  • Cu–Pd selenides
  • Cu–Pd alloys
  • Selenide melt
  • Jaguéite
  • Oosterboschite
  • Phase relations
  • Synthesis
  • Copper
  • Palladium
  • Selenium

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