Experimentation and numerical modeling of cyclic voltammetry for electrochemical micro-sized sensors under the influence of electrolyte flow

Bolaji James Adesokan, Xueling Quan, A. Evgrafov, Arto Heiskanen, Anja Boisen, Mads Peter Sørensen

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Abstract

In this study, we perform experimental studies as well as simulations for cyclic voltammetry(CV) of the redox couple FeIII(CN)63-/FeII(CN)64- on a gold plated ECC biosensor encapsulated by a microfluidic system. We examine the effect of flow rate, scan rate, varying supporting electrolyte, exchange current density and the position of electrode on the CV measurements. The results show that at a relatively high flow (250 μ/L) and low scan rates (50 - 200 mV/s), the current response is limited by the convection due to quick supply of fresh ions at the electrode surface which leads to fading hysteresis of the recorded CV. However, at high scan rates (250 mV/s) and slow flow rates (50 - 200 μ/L), peak currents are recorded which means that mass transport is dominated by the diffusion mechanism and a quasi-steady state of CV is recorded. In the case of insufficient supporting electrolyte, the excess charges generated during scan will lead to ohmic distortion of the electrolyte solution and consequently result into a ramping effect of the recorded CV. However, for sufficient amount of supporting electrolyte (200 mM), the simulation results show good agreement with the experimental data. In addition, the results also show that a decrease in exchange current density leads to a shift in the peak current of the recorded CV. Finally, the results also demonstrate that the working electrode at the center of the fluidic cell records accurate measurement than placing the electrode at the bottom of the cell. The numerical results and the experimental data show both qualitative good agreement and quantitative good agreement.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Volume763
Issue numberFebruary
Pages (from-to)141-148
ISSN1572-6657
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Cyclic voltammetry
  • Microelectrode location
  • Nernst–Planck
  • Navier–Stokes
  • Finite element method

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