Experimental Study of Air Distribution and Ventilation Effectiveness in a Room with a Combination of Different Mechanical Ventilation and Heating/Cooling Systems

Bjarne W. Olesen, Angela Simone, Michal Krajcik, Causone Francesco, Michele De Carli

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Mixing and displacement ventilation are common systems in commercial buildings, while mixing ventilation is used in residential buildings. Displacement ventilation provides fresh air to the occupied zone in a more efficient way than mixing ventilation but it is important to know how well it works with a floor system for heating or cooling. Can, for example, a floor heating system warm up the supply air too fast and destroy the displacement effect? Will floor cooling, combined with displacement ventilation, result in too high a vertical temperature difference and too low a temperature at feet level? The required amount of ventilation depends on the ventilation effectiveness. In standards, the recommended values for ventilation effectiveness depend on the position of the supply and exhaust device and on the difference between supply and room air temperature. Among others, for warm air heating the ventilation effectiveness is always less than 1 and can be as low as 0.4. This would then require an increased amount of ventilation. A combination of floor heating/cooling, radiators, air cooling, displacement ventilation, mixed ventilation and different combinations of supply and return grilles have, in this study, been experimentally tested. The studies on a displacement ventilation system show lower vertical air temperature differences and higher ventilation effectiveness when it is combined with a floor heating system. With floor cooling, the displacement ventilation system should be designed with a higher supply air temperature. Furthermore, the buoyancy flows from warm or cold windows and occupants influence the airflow pattern and increase the mixing of supply air into the occupied zone.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Ventilation
Volume9
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)371-383
ISSN1473-3315
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event10th Rehva World Congress: Sustainable Energy Use in Buildings - Antalya, Turkey
Duration: 9 May 201012 May 2010
Conference number: 10

Conference

Conference10th Rehva World Congress
Number10
CountryTurkey
CityAntalya
Period09/05/201012/05/2010

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