Experimental Observation of Proton Bunch Modulation in a Plasma at Varying Plasma Densities

E. Adli, A. Ahuja, O. Apsimon, R. Apsimon, A.-M. Bachmann, D. Barrientos, M. M. Barros, J. Batkiewicz, F. Batsch, J. Bauche, V. K. Berglyd Olsen, M. Bernardini, B. Biskup, A. Boccardi, T. Bogey, T. Bohl, C. Bracco, F. Braunmüller, S. Burger, G. Burt & 92 others S. Bustamante, B. Buttenschön, A. Caldwell, M. Cascella, J. Chappell, E. Chevallay, M. Chung, D. Cooke, H. Damerau, L. Deacon, L. H. Deubner, A. Dexter, S. Doebert, J. Farmer, V. N. Fedosseev, G. Fior, R. Fiorito, R. A. Fonseca, F. Friebel, L. Garolfi, S. Gessner, I. Gorgisyan, A. A. Gorn, E. Granados, O. Grulke, E. Gschwendtner, A. Guerrero, J. Hansen, A. Helm, J. R. Henderson, C. Hessler, W. Hofle, M. Hüther, M. Ibison, L. Jensen, S. Jolly, F. Keeble, S.-Y. Kim, F. Kraus, T. Lefevre, G. LeGodec, Y. Li, S. Liu, N. Lopes, K. V. Lotov, L. Maricalva Brun, M. Martyanov, S. Mazzoni, D. Medina Godoy, V. A. Minakov, J. Mitchell, J. C. Molendijk, R. Mompo, J. T. Moody, M. Moreira, P. Muggli, C. Mutin, E. Öz, E. Ozturk, C. Pasquino, A. Pardons, F. Peña Asmus, K. Pepitone, A. Perera, A. Petrenko, S. Pitman, G. Plyushchev, A. Pukhov, S. Rey, K. Rieger*, H. Ruhl, J. S. Schmidt, I. A. Shalimova, E. Shaposhnikova, P. Sherwood, L. O. Silva, L. Soby, A. P. Sosedkin, R. Speroni, R. I. Spitsyn, P. V. Tuev, M. Turner, F. Velotti, L. Verra, V. A. Verzilov, J. Vieira, H. Vincke, C. P. Welsch, B. Williamson, M. Wing, B. Woolley, G. Xia

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

We give direct experimental evidence for the observation of the full transverse self-modulation of a long, relativistic proton bunch propagating through a dense plasma. The bunch exits the plasma with a periodic density modulation resulting from radial wakefield effects. We show that the modulation is seeded by a relativistic ionization front created using an intense laser pulse copropagating with the proton bunch. The modulation extends over the length of the proton bunch following the seed point. By varying the plasma density over one order of magnitude, we show that the modulation frequency scales with the expected dependence on the plasma density, i.e., it is equal to the plasma frequency, as expected from theory.
Original languageEnglish
Article number054802
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume122
Issue number5
Number of pages6
ISSN0031-9007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 2019

Cite this

Adli, E., Ahuja, A., Apsimon, O., Apsimon, R., Bachmann, A-M., Barrientos, D., ... Xia, G. (2019). Experimental Observation of Proton Bunch Modulation in a Plasma at Varying Plasma Densities. Physical Review Letters, 122(5), [054802]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.054802
Adli, E. ; Ahuja, A. ; Apsimon, O. ; Apsimon, R. ; Bachmann, A.-M. ; Barrientos, D. ; Barros, M. M. ; Batkiewicz, J. ; Batsch, F. ; Bauche, J. ; Berglyd Olsen, V. K. ; Bernardini, M. ; Biskup, B. ; Boccardi, A. ; Bogey, T. ; Bohl, T. ; Bracco, C. ; Braunmüller, F. ; Burger, S. ; Burt, G. ; Bustamante, S. ; Buttenschön, B. ; Caldwell, A. ; Cascella, M. ; Chappell, J. ; Chevallay, E. ; Chung, M. ; Cooke, D. ; Damerau, H. ; Deacon, L. ; Deubner, L. H. ; Dexter, A. ; Doebert, S. ; Farmer, J. ; Fedosseev, V. N. ; Fior, G. ; Fiorito, R. ; Fonseca, R. A. ; Friebel, F. ; Garolfi, L. ; Gessner, S. ; Gorgisyan, I. ; Gorn, A. A. ; Granados, E. ; Grulke, O. ; Gschwendtner, E. ; Guerrero, A. ; Hansen, J. ; Helm, A. ; Henderson, J. R. ; Hessler, C. ; Hofle, W. ; Hüther, M. ; Ibison, M. ; Jensen, L. ; Jolly, S. ; Keeble, F. ; Kim, S.-Y. ; Kraus, F. ; Lefevre, T. ; LeGodec, G. ; Li, Y. ; Liu, S. ; Lopes, N. ; Lotov, K. V. ; Maricalva Brun, L. ; Martyanov, M. ; Mazzoni, S. ; Medina Godoy, D. ; Minakov, V. A. ; Mitchell, J. ; Molendijk, J. C. ; Mompo, R. ; Moody, J. T. ; Moreira, M. ; Muggli, P. ; Mutin, C. ; Öz, E. ; Ozturk, E. ; Pasquino, C. ; Pardons, A. ; Peña Asmus, F. ; Pepitone, K. ; Perera, A. ; Petrenko, A. ; Pitman, S. ; Plyushchev, G. ; Pukhov, A. ; Rey, S. ; Rieger, K. ; Ruhl, H. ; Schmidt, J. S. ; Shalimova, I. A. ; Shaposhnikova, E. ; Sherwood, P. ; Silva, L. O. ; Soby, L. ; Sosedkin, A. P. ; Speroni, R. ; Spitsyn, R. I. ; Tuev, P. V. ; Turner, M. ; Velotti, F. ; Verra, L. ; Verzilov, V. A. ; Vieira, J. ; Vincke, H. ; Welsch, C. P. ; Williamson, B. ; Wing, M. ; Woolley, B. ; Xia, G. / Experimental Observation of Proton Bunch Modulation in a Plasma at Varying Plasma Densities. In: Physical Review Letters. 2019 ; Vol. 122, No. 5.
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title = "Experimental Observation of Proton Bunch Modulation in a Plasma at Varying Plasma Densities",
abstract = "We give direct experimental evidence for the observation of the full transverse self-modulation of a long, relativistic proton bunch propagating through a dense plasma. The bunch exits the plasma with a periodic density modulation resulting from radial wakefield effects. We show that the modulation is seeded by a relativistic ionization front created using an intense laser pulse copropagating with the proton bunch. The modulation extends over the length of the proton bunch following the seed point. By varying the plasma density over one order of magnitude, we show that the modulation frequency scales with the expected dependence on the plasma density, i.e., it is equal to the plasma frequency, as expected from theory.",
author = "E. Adli and A. Ahuja and O. Apsimon and R. Apsimon and A.-M. Bachmann and D. Barrientos and M. M. Barros and J. Batkiewicz and F. Batsch and J. Bauche and {Berglyd Olsen}, V. K. and M. Bernardini and B. Biskup and A. Boccardi and T. Bogey and T. Bohl and C. Bracco and F. Braunm{\"u}ller and S. Burger and G. Burt and S. Bustamante and B. Buttensch{\"o}n and A. Caldwell and M. Cascella and J. Chappell and E. Chevallay and M. Chung and D. Cooke and H. Damerau and L. Deacon and L. H. Deubner and A. Dexter and S. Doebert and J. Farmer and V. N. Fedosseev and G. Fior and R. Fiorito and R. A. Fonseca and F. Friebel and L. Garolfi and S. Gessner and I. Gorgisyan and A. A. Gorn and E. Granados and O. Grulke and E. Gschwendtner and A. Guerrero and J. Hansen and A. Helm and J. R. Henderson and C. Hessler and W. Hofle and M. H{\"u}ther and M. Ibison and L. Jensen and S. Jolly and F. Keeble and S.-Y. Kim and F. Kraus and T. Lefevre and G. LeGodec and Y. Li and S. Liu and N. Lopes and K. V. Lotov and {Maricalva Brun}, L. and M. Martyanov and S. Mazzoni and {Medina Godoy}, D. and V. A. Minakov and J. Mitchell and J. C. Molendijk and R. Mompo and J. T. Moody and M. Moreira and P. Muggli and C. Mutin and E. {\"O}z and E. Ozturk and C. Pasquino and A. Pardons and {Pe{\~n}a Asmus}, F. and K. Pepitone and A. Perera and A. Petrenko and S. Pitman and G. Plyushchev and A. Pukhov and S. Rey and K. Rieger and H. Ruhl and J. S. Schmidt and I. A. Shalimova and E. Shaposhnikova and P. Sherwood and L. O. Silva and L. Soby and A. P. Sosedkin and R. Speroni and R. I. Spitsyn and P. V. Tuev and M. Turner and F. Velotti and L. Verra and V. A. Verzilov and J. Vieira and H. Vincke and C. P. Welsch and B. Williamson and M. Wing and B. Woolley and G. Xia",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
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doi = "10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.054802",
language = "English",
volume = "122",
journal = "Physical Review Letters",
issn = "0031-9007",
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Adli, E, Ahuja, A, Apsimon, O, Apsimon, R, Bachmann, A-M, Barrientos, D, Barros, MM, Batkiewicz, J, Batsch, F, Bauche, J, Berglyd Olsen, VK, Bernardini, M, Biskup, B, Boccardi, A, Bogey, T, Bohl, T, Bracco, C, Braunmüller, F, Burger, S, Burt, G, Bustamante, S, Buttenschön, B, Caldwell, A, Cascella, M, Chappell, J, Chevallay, E, Chung, M, Cooke, D, Damerau, H, Deacon, L, Deubner, LH, Dexter, A, Doebert, S, Farmer, J, Fedosseev, VN, Fior, G, Fiorito, R, Fonseca, RA, Friebel, F, Garolfi, L, Gessner, S, Gorgisyan, I, Gorn, AA, Granados, E, Grulke, O, Gschwendtner, E, Guerrero, A, Hansen, J, Helm, A, Henderson, JR, Hessler, C, Hofle, W, Hüther, M, Ibison, M, Jensen, L, Jolly, S, Keeble, F, Kim, S-Y, Kraus, F, Lefevre, T, LeGodec, G, Li, Y, Liu, S, Lopes, N, Lotov, KV, Maricalva Brun, L, Martyanov, M, Mazzoni, S, Medina Godoy, D, Minakov, VA, Mitchell, J, Molendijk, JC, Mompo, R, Moody, JT, Moreira, M, Muggli, P, Mutin, C, Öz, E, Ozturk, E, Pasquino, C, Pardons, A, Peña Asmus, F, Pepitone, K, Perera, A, Petrenko, A, Pitman, S, Plyushchev, G, Pukhov, A, Rey, S, Rieger, K, Ruhl, H, Schmidt, JS, Shalimova, IA, Shaposhnikova, E, Sherwood, P, Silva, LO, Soby, L, Sosedkin, AP, Speroni, R, Spitsyn, RI, Tuev, PV, Turner, M, Velotti, F, Verra, L, Verzilov, VA, Vieira, J, Vincke, H, Welsch, CP, Williamson, B, Wing, M, Woolley, B & Xia, G 2019, 'Experimental Observation of Proton Bunch Modulation in a Plasma at Varying Plasma Densities', Physical Review Letters, vol. 122, no. 5, 054802. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.054802

Experimental Observation of Proton Bunch Modulation in a Plasma at Varying Plasma Densities. / Adli, E.; Ahuja, A.; Apsimon, O.; Apsimon, R.; Bachmann, A.-M.; Barrientos, D.; Barros, M. M.; Batkiewicz, J.; Batsch, F.; Bauche, J.; Berglyd Olsen, V. K.; Bernardini, M.; Biskup, B.; Boccardi, A.; Bogey, T.; Bohl, T.; Bracco, C.; Braunmüller, F.; Burger, S.; Burt, G.; Bustamante, S.; Buttenschön, B.; Caldwell, A.; Cascella, M.; Chappell, J.; Chevallay, E.; Chung, M.; Cooke, D.; Damerau, H.; Deacon, L.; Deubner, L. H.; Dexter, A.; Doebert, S.; Farmer, J.; Fedosseev, V. N.; Fior, G.; Fiorito, R.; Fonseca, R. A.; Friebel, F.; Garolfi, L.; Gessner, S.; Gorgisyan, I.; Gorn, A. A.; Granados, E.; Grulke, O.; Gschwendtner, E.; Guerrero, A.; Hansen, J.; Helm, A.; Henderson, J. R.; Hessler, C.; Hofle, W.; Hüther, M.; Ibison, M.; Jensen, L.; Jolly, S.; Keeble, F.; Kim, S.-Y.; Kraus, F.; Lefevre, T.; LeGodec, G.; Li, Y.; Liu, S.; Lopes, N.; Lotov, K. V.; Maricalva Brun, L.; Martyanov, M.; Mazzoni, S.; Medina Godoy, D.; Minakov, V. A.; Mitchell, J.; Molendijk, J. C.; Mompo, R.; Moody, J. T.; Moreira, M.; Muggli, P.; Mutin, C.; Öz, E.; Ozturk, E.; Pasquino, C.; Pardons, A.; Peña Asmus, F.; Pepitone, K.; Perera, A.; Petrenko, A.; Pitman, S.; Plyushchev, G.; Pukhov, A.; Rey, S.; Rieger, K.; Ruhl, H.; Schmidt, J. S.; Shalimova, I. A.; Shaposhnikova, E.; Sherwood, P.; Silva, L. O.; Soby, L.; Sosedkin, A. P.; Speroni, R.; Spitsyn, R. I.; Tuev, P. V.; Turner, M.; Velotti, F.; Verra, L.; Verzilov, V. A.; Vieira, J.; Vincke, H.; Welsch, C. P.; Williamson, B.; Wing, M.; Woolley, B.; Xia, G.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 122, No. 5, 054802, 08.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Experimental Observation of Proton Bunch Modulation in a Plasma at Varying Plasma Densities

AU - Adli, E.

AU - Ahuja, A.

AU - Apsimon, O.

AU - Apsimon, R.

AU - Bachmann, A.-M.

AU - Barrientos, D.

AU - Barros, M. M.

AU - Batkiewicz, J.

AU - Batsch, F.

AU - Bauche, J.

AU - Berglyd Olsen, V. K.

AU - Bernardini, M.

AU - Biskup, B.

AU - Boccardi, A.

AU - Bogey, T.

AU - Bohl, T.

AU - Bracco, C.

AU - Braunmüller, F.

AU - Burger, S.

AU - Burt, G.

AU - Bustamante, S.

AU - Buttenschön, B.

AU - Caldwell, A.

AU - Cascella, M.

AU - Chappell, J.

AU - Chevallay, E.

AU - Chung, M.

AU - Cooke, D.

AU - Damerau, H.

AU - Deacon, L.

AU - Deubner, L. H.

AU - Dexter, A.

AU - Doebert, S.

AU - Farmer, J.

AU - Fedosseev, V. N.

AU - Fior, G.

AU - Fiorito, R.

AU - Fonseca, R. A.

AU - Friebel, F.

AU - Garolfi, L.

AU - Gessner, S.

AU - Gorgisyan, I.

AU - Gorn, A. A.

AU - Granados, E.

AU - Grulke, O.

AU - Gschwendtner, E.

AU - Guerrero, A.

AU - Hansen, J.

AU - Helm, A.

AU - Henderson, J. R.

AU - Hessler, C.

AU - Hofle, W.

AU - Hüther, M.

AU - Ibison, M.

AU - Jensen, L.

AU - Jolly, S.

AU - Keeble, F.

AU - Kim, S.-Y.

AU - Kraus, F.

AU - Lefevre, T.

AU - LeGodec, G.

AU - Li, Y.

AU - Liu, S.

AU - Lopes, N.

AU - Lotov, K. V.

AU - Maricalva Brun, L.

AU - Martyanov, M.

AU - Mazzoni, S.

AU - Medina Godoy, D.

AU - Minakov, V. A.

AU - Mitchell, J.

AU - Molendijk, J. C.

AU - Mompo, R.

AU - Moody, J. T.

AU - Moreira, M.

AU - Muggli, P.

AU - Mutin, C.

AU - Öz, E.

AU - Ozturk, E.

AU - Pasquino, C.

AU - Pardons, A.

AU - Peña Asmus, F.

AU - Pepitone, K.

AU - Perera, A.

AU - Petrenko, A.

AU - Pitman, S.

AU - Plyushchev, G.

AU - Pukhov, A.

AU - Rey, S.

AU - Rieger, K.

AU - Ruhl, H.

AU - Schmidt, J. S.

AU - Shalimova, I. A.

AU - Shaposhnikova, E.

AU - Sherwood, P.

AU - Silva, L. O.

AU - Soby, L.

AU - Sosedkin, A. P.

AU - Speroni, R.

AU - Spitsyn, R. I.

AU - Tuev, P. V.

AU - Turner, M.

AU - Velotti, F.

AU - Verra, L.

AU - Verzilov, V. A.

AU - Vieira, J.

AU - Vincke, H.

AU - Welsch, C. P.

AU - Williamson, B.

AU - Wing, M.

AU - Woolley, B.

AU - Xia, G.

PY - 2019/2/8

Y1 - 2019/2/8

N2 - We give direct experimental evidence for the observation of the full transverse self-modulation of a long, relativistic proton bunch propagating through a dense plasma. The bunch exits the plasma with a periodic density modulation resulting from radial wakefield effects. We show that the modulation is seeded by a relativistic ionization front created using an intense laser pulse copropagating with the proton bunch. The modulation extends over the length of the proton bunch following the seed point. By varying the plasma density over one order of magnitude, we show that the modulation frequency scales with the expected dependence on the plasma density, i.e., it is equal to the plasma frequency, as expected from theory.

AB - We give direct experimental evidence for the observation of the full transverse self-modulation of a long, relativistic proton bunch propagating through a dense plasma. The bunch exits the plasma with a periodic density modulation resulting from radial wakefield effects. We show that the modulation is seeded by a relativistic ionization front created using an intense laser pulse copropagating with the proton bunch. The modulation extends over the length of the proton bunch following the seed point. By varying the plasma density over one order of magnitude, we show that the modulation frequency scales with the expected dependence on the plasma density, i.e., it is equal to the plasma frequency, as expected from theory.

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.054802

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.054802

M3 - Journal article

VL - 122

JO - Physical Review Letters

JF - Physical Review Letters

SN - 0031-9007

IS - 5

M1 - 054802

ER -