Phase separation is a key problem when using sodium acetate trihydrate (SAT) as phase change heat storage material. The formation of phase separation is highly correlated to the composition of SAT based heat storage material, the material height, operation method and environmental condition. This study focus on the phase separation investigation by means of measuring exact water proportions in different layers of SAT samples. The SAT samples were made with or without different amount of excess water or thickening agents at different heights. Then the samples were tested in supercooled state under different environmental conditions such as short or long term supercooling periods, standing still or shaking from time to time during supercooling, repeated heating and activating and low ambient temperature. The solidification of supercooled samples was activated from top or bottom in order to verify the influence of activation methods. The water proportions in different layers of SAT samples were measured and summarized for comparison. It can be concluded from the experiments that suitable amount of excess water or thickening agents and proper shaking are beneficial to reduce or avoid phase separation. On the other hand, SAT without any additives, repeated heating and activating and low ambient temperature are favourable to forming phase separation for supercooled SAT materials.
|Journal||Applied Thermal Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
- Sodium acetate trihydrate
- Phase separation
- Water proportion
- Phase change material
- Heat storage