Experimental investigation of wake evolution behind a couple of flat discs in a hydrochannel

I.V. Naumov, I.V. Litvinov, Robert Flemming Mikkelsen, Valery Okulov

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Abstract

The decay of a far wake and its turbulent fluctuations behind two thin discs of the same diameter D, oriented normal to the incident flow, have been studied using the Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). The experimental study was carried out in a water flume (Re ≈ 2·105) with varying distances between the discs (Lх = 4−8D) and their axes shift relative to each other (0, 0.5D and 1D). It is found that the velocity deficit behind two discs depends weakly on Lx, and at Lх > 40D, it becomes indistinguishable from the level of turbulent fluctuations of the incident flow. It is found that the decay of the average velocity deficit and its turbulent fluctuations in a wake of a tandem of discs can be described by the same analytical dependence with exponent −2/3 as for the wake decay of a single disc. However, at the same distance downstream, the value of deficit behind two discs is substantially higher than the corresponding value behind a single disc. Velocity fluctuations in a far wake behind a pair of discs depend weakly on longitudinal dimension Lx, but at the same time, in contrast to the velocity deficit, their level does not differ significantly from the level of fluctuations behind a single disc.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThermophysics and Aeromechanics
Volume23
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)657-666
ISSN0869-8643
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Wake behind a bluff body
  • Level of turbulence of the incident flow
  • Pair of discs
  • Velocity deficit
  • Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV)

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