Experimental investigation of surface determination process on multi-material components for dimensional computed tomography

Fabrício Borges de Oliveira, Alessandro Stolfi, Markus Bartscher, Leonardo De Chiffre

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The possibility of measuring multi-material components, while assessing inner and outer features simultaneously makes X-ray computed tomography (CT) the latest evolution in the field of coordinate measurement systems (CMSs). However, the difficulty in selecting suitable scanning parameters and suitable surface determination settings, limits a better acceptance of CT as a CMS. Moreover, standard CT users are subject to the algorithms and boundary conditions implied by the use of commercial analysis software. In this context, this paper is concerned with the experimental evaluation of the influence of surface determination process on multi-material measurements, using functions available in the commercial CT data analysis software Volume Graphics VGStudio Max 2.2.6. Calibrated step gauges made of different materials, i.e. PEEK, PPS, and Al were used as reference standards. The step gauges were assembled in such a way as to have different multi-material X-ray absorption ratios. Comparative measurements of mono-material assemblies were performed as well. Different segmentation processes were considered (e.g. ISO-50%, local threshold, region growing, etc.), patch-based bidirectional length analyses were carried out to perform in-material measurements on the assemblies. This work discusses the different approaches based on real CT scans, and aims to provide advice on the segmentation process for multi-material measurements.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCase Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation
Issue numberPart B
Pages (from-to)93–103
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Open Access article. Published under a Creative Commons license.


  • Surface determination
  • Segmentation
  • Computed tomography
  • Dimensional metrology
  • Multi-material measurement
  • , INTERAQCT Marie Curie project

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