Experimental Evidence of Helical Flow in Porous Media

Yu Ye, Gabriele Chiogna, Olaf A. Cirpka, Peter Grathwohl, Massimo Rolle

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    614 Downloads (Pure)


    Helical flow leads to deformation of solute plumes and enhances transverse mixing in porous media. We present experiments in which macroscopic helical flow is created by arranging different materials to obtain an anisotropic macroscopic permeability tensor with spatially variable orientation. The resulting helical flow entails twisting streamlines which cause a significant increase in lateral mass exchange and thus a large enhancement of plume dilution (up to 235%) compared to transport in homogenous media. The setup may be used to effectively mix solutes in parallel streams similarly to static mixers, but in porous media.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere137540
    JournalPhysical Review Letters
    Issue number19
    Number of pages5
    Publication statusPublished - 2015


    • Physics and Astronomy (all)
    • Atomic physics
    • Experimental evidence
    • Macroscopic permeability
    • Mass exchange
    • Parallel streams
    • Solute plumes
    • Static mixers
    • Transverse mixing
    • Variable orientation
    • Porous materials


    Dive into the research topics of 'Experimental Evidence of Helical Flow in Porous Media'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this