When studying laser welding of austenitic stainless steel, hot cracking is frequently observed. To prevent hot cracking in laser welded stainless steel it is advantageous to obtain primary solidification of the ferrite phase that subsequently, on cooling, transforms in the solid state to the austenite phase.Most stainless steels are weldable by conventional welding techniques. However, during laser weldng the solidification velocities can be very much higher than by conventional welding techniques. By increasing the solidification velocity to a critical value known as the transition velocity, the primary solidification phase is found to change from ferrite to austenite.A novel laser remelting technique has been modified to enable the transition velocity for laser welded austenitic stainless steels to be deermined experimentally and on the basis of results from 17 different alloy compositions an equation for the calculation of the transition velocity from alloy composition is proposed.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
|Event||The First ASM European Conference on Welding and Joining Science Technology - Madrid, Spain|
Duration: 10 Mar 1997 → 12 Mar 1997
Conference number: 1
|Conference||The First ASM European Conference on Welding and Joining Science Technology|
|Period||10/03/1997 → 12/03/1997|