Expanded functional coupling of subcortical nuclei with the motor resting-state network in multiple sclerosis

Anne-Marie Dogonowski, Hartwig R. Siebner, Per Soelberg Sørensen, Xingchen Wu, Bharat Biswal, Olaf B. Paulson, Tim B. Dyrby, Arnold Skimminge, Morten Blinkenberg, Kristoffer H. Madsen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) impairs signal transmission along cortico-cortical and cortico-subcortical connections, affecting functional integration within the motor network. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during motor tasks has revealed altered functional connectivity in MS, but it is unclear how much motor disability contributed to these abnormal functional interaction patterns.Objective: To avoid any influence of impaired task performance, we examined disease-related changes in functional motor connectivity in MS at rest.Methods: A total of 42 patients with MS and 30 matched controls underwent a 20-minute resting-state fMRI session at 3 Tesla. Independent component analysis was applied to the fMRI data to identify disease-related changes in motor resting-state connectivity.Results: Patients with MS showed a spatial expansion of motor resting-state connectivity in deep subcortical nuclei but not at the cortical level. The anterior and middle parts of the putamen, adjacent globus pallidus, anterior and posterior thalamus and the subthalamic region showed stronger functional connectivity with the motor network in the MS group compared with controls.Conclusion: MS is characterised by more widespread motor connectivity in the basal ganglia while cortical motor resting-state connectivity is preserved. The expansion of subcortical motor resting-state connectivity in MS indicates less efficient funnelling of neural processing in the executive motor cortico-basal ganglia-thalamo-cortical loops.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMultiple Sclerosis
Volume19
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)559-566
ISSN1352-4585
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Motor network
  • Functional imaging
  • Resting-state connectivity
  • Basal ganglia

Cite this

Dogonowski, A-M., Siebner, H. R., Sørensen, P. S., Wu, X., Biswal, B., Paulson, O. B., Dyrby, T. B., Skimminge, A., Blinkenberg, M., & Madsen, K. H. (2013). Expanded functional coupling of subcortical nuclei with the motor resting-state network in multiple sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis, 19(5), 559-566. https://doi.org/10.1177/1352458512460416