Exhaust Valve Spindles for Marine Diesel Engines Manufactured by Hot Isostatic Pressing

Alberto Lapina*, Harro Andreas Hoeg, Jakob Knudsen, Tomas Berglund, Rune Møller, Jesper Henri Hattel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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The exhaust valve spindle is one of the most challenging components in the marine two-stroke diesel engine. It has to withstand high mechanical loads, thermal cycling, surface temperatures beyond 700 degrees C, and molten salt induced corrosion. Powder metallurgy gives the opportunity of improving the component using materials not applicable by welding or forging. Therefore exhaust valve spindles have been produced by Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) with a spindle disc coating of a Ni-Cr-Nb alloy that cannot be manufactured by welding or forging. This paper presents the service experience gathered by MAN Diesel & Turbo in a number of service tests on ships (up to 18000 running hours): corrosion and degradation phenomena in the spindles produced by HIP are presented and compared with the performance of state-of-the-art exhaust valve spindles. The macroscopic geometrical changes experienced by the spindles are studied by means of Finite Element Method (FEM) calculations and strategies for further development of the component are outlined.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMaterials Research Proceedings
EditorsPranesh Dayal, Gerry Triani
PublisherMaterials Research Forum LLC
Publication date2019
ISBN (Print)978-1-64490-002-4
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-64490-003-1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event12th international conference on hot isostatic pressing (HIP' 17) - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 5 Dec 20178 Dec 2017


Conference12th international conference on hot isostatic pressing (HIP' 17)
SeriesMaterials Research Proceedings

Bibliographical note

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC.


  • Hot Isostatic Pressing
  • Diesel Engine
  • Hot Corrosion
  • Nickel Alloys
  • Thermal Cycling
  • Science & Technology
  • Technology


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