Photodetectors and solar cells based on materials with strongly bound excitons rely crucially on field-assisted exciton ionization. We study the ionization process in multilayer transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) within the Mott-Wannier model incorporating fully the pronounced anisotropy of these materials. Using complex scaling, we show that the field-dependence of the ionization process is strongly dependent on orientation. Also, we find that direct and indirect excitons behave qualitatively differently as a result of opposite effective anisotropy of these states. Based on first-principles material parameters, an analysis of several important TMDs reveals WSe2 and MoSe2 to be superior for applications relying on ionization of direct and indirect excitons, respectively.
- Transition-metal dichalcogenides
- Exciton ionization
- Mott-wannier excitons