Excess Heat Regulations, Contracts and Business Models - With a Special Focus on Excess Heat Opportunities in Denmark

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Abstract

The production of waste heat - or excess heat is substantial in the European Union. Despite the potential for excess heat utilisation several barriers exist. This paper identifies different barriers and enablers for excess heat utilisation, which is based on an analysis carried out in four European countries as part of EU funded project. The detailed literature review on the status of excess heat recovery identified a very diverse nature of district heating regulations in the different countries along with different layouts of contracts and business models. An analysis of the potential for excess heat utilisation in Denmark shows a substantial increase in excess heat utilisation in district heating. The identified barriers include access to a market (district heating network), lack of a comprehensive regulatory framework along with standardising contracts, lacking sinks (end users), and absent financial incentives to make excess heat a viable option for the potentially involved stakeholders.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 2022 6th International Conference on Green Energy and Applications (ICGEA)
Number of pages14
PublisherIEEE
Publication date2022
Pages68-81
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event6th International Conference on Green Energy and Applications - Singapore, Singapore
Duration: 4 Mar 20226 Mar 2022
Conference number: 6

Conference

Conference6th International Conference on Green Energy and Applications
Number6
Country/TerritorySingapore
CitySingapore
Period04/03/202206/03/2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
ACKNOWLEDGMENT The work presented is a result of the research activities of the EMB3Rs project which has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement 847121 and the HEAT 4.0 project, which has received funding from Innovation Fund Denmark (Project number 8090-00046).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 IEEE.

Keywords

  • decarbonization
  • district heating
  • EMB3Rs
  • excess heat
  • waste heat

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