Evaluation of Treatment With Respiratory Gene Technology and Serum in a Group of Standard Bred Racehorses With Cytological Evidence of Mild Equine Asthma

Sanni Hansen*, Louise Laustsen, Nina D. Otten, Kerstin Skovgaard, Rune Bech, Simon Byrgesen, Charlotte Hopster-Iversen, Julie Fjeldborg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Alternative treatment options to glucocorticoids for equine asthma is desirable due to withdrawal time. The objective was to evaluate if serum and Respiratory Gene Technology (RGT), a commercial kit to produce autologous conditioned serum, was effective in reducing bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) neutrophils and mast cells in racehorses with cytological evidence of mild equine asthma . Thirty-six Standardbred trotters in active training were enrolled in this randomized clinical trial; a healthy control group (n=11), a RGT group (n=12) and a serum group (n=13). Endoscopy including tracheal wash (TW) and BAL was performed before (T0), after a 6-week treatment period including 12 intramuscular injections of RGT or serum (T6) and as a follow-up 10 weeks after treatment (T16). A significant decrease in BAL neutrophils for the RGT group was found between T0 and T6 (P = .002, d=-1.51, CI: -2.43;-0.59) and for the serum group between T0-T6 (P = .002, d=-1.36, CI: -2.26;-0.46). Further, a significant decrease in BAL mast cells between T0-T6 for the both the RGT group (P = .019, d=-1.23, CI: -1.22;-0.34) and the serum group (P= .004, d=-0.81, CI: -1.65;0.04), and further between T0-T16 (RGT P= .011, d=-1.55, CI: -2.62;-0.48; serum P= .044, d=-0.65, CI: -1.68;-0.37). No significant difference in TW cytology was found for any of the time-points. Pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines were regulated according to treatment. The control group showed no cytological differences between any time-point. Study results showed that intramuscular treatment with both RGT and serum was effective associated with reduction of BAL neutrophils and mast cells in horses with cytological evidence of mild equine asthma. Further large-scale studies are necessary.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103435
JournalThe Journal of Equine Veterinary Science
Volume101
Number of pages7
ISSN0737-0806
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Equine asthma
  • Autologous conditioned serum
  • Equine asthma cytokines
  • Equine asthma treatment

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