Evaluation of the power-lawwind-speed extrapolation method with atmospheric stability classification methods for flows over different terrain types

Chang Xu, Chenyan Hao, Linmin Li*, Xingxing Han, Feifei Xue, Mingwei Sun, Wenzhong Shen

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The atmospheric stability and ground topography play an important role in shaping wind-speed profiles. However, the commonly used power-law wind-speed extrapolation method is usually applied, ignoring atmospheric stability effects. In the present work, a new power-law wind-speed extrapolation method based on atmospheric stability classification is proposed and evaluated for flows over different types of terrain. The method uses the wind shear exponent estimated in different stability conditions rather than its average value in all stability conditions. Four stability classification methods, namely the Richardson Gradient (RG) method, theWind Direction Standard Deviation (WDSD) method, the Wind Speed Ratio (WSR) method and the Monin-Obukhov (MO) method are applied in the wind speed extrapolation method for three different types of terrain. Tapplicability is analyzed by comparing the errors between the measured data and the calculated results at the hub height. It is indicated that the WSR classification method is effective for all the terrains investigated while the WDSD method is more suitable in plain areas. Moreover, the RG and MO methods perform better in complex terrains than the other methods, if two-level temperature data are available.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1429
JournalApplied Sciences
Volume8
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • wind speed extrapolation
  • atmospheric stability
  • wind shear
  • wind resource assessment

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