Evaluation of the potential anti-viral activity of microRNAs in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Dennis Bela-Ong, Brian Dall Schyth, Niels Lorenzen

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference abstract in journalResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Micro ribonucleic acids (miRNAs) are small (18-22 nucleotides) endogenous RNAs that potently mediate post-transcriptional silencing of a wide range of genes. They are emerging as critical regulators of cellular processes and some miRNAs have been demonstrated to possess direct antiviral effects. We have previously observed and validated that the fishspecific miRNAs, miR-462 and miR-731, were among the most highly expressed miRNAs in rainbow trout liver following Viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) infection. These miRNAs were also upregulated in the liver and muscle (vaccination site) of fish vaccinated with a DNA vaccine encoding the glycoprotein gene of VHSV. Recent studies further suggest that the expression of these miRNAs is induced by interferons. In order to analyze if miRNA-462 and miRNA-731 have any antiviral effects, we designed inhibitory synthetic oligonucleotides called antagomiRs or anti-miRNAs. These antagomiRs were injected intraperitoneally into rainbow trout fingerlings followed by exposure of the fish to VHSV. Development of disease and levels of infection will be analysed and compared to data from fish treated with control miRNAs.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalFish and Shellfish Immunology
    Volume34
    Issue number6
    Pages (from-to)1639-1639
    ISSN1050-4648
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    Event1st International Conference of Fish and Shellfish Immunology (VIGO 2013) - Vigo, Spain
    Duration: 25 Jun 201328 Jun 2013
    Conference number: 1
    http://vigoimmunology.com/2013/

    Conference

    Conference1st International Conference of Fish and Shellfish Immunology (VIGO 2013)
    Number1
    CountrySpain
    CityVigo
    Period25/06/201328/06/2013
    Internet address

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