Evaluation of the performance of indirect control of many DSRs using hardware-in-the-loop simulations

Fabrizio Sossan, Henrik W. Bindner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


Controlling the power consumption of many Demand Side Resources, DSRs, will be required in the future power system where a big share of the electric energy will be produced using stochastic renewable sources and the conventional power plants might not have the flexibility of providing all the regulating power. Indirect control of demand side resources is supposed to shift the electric power consumption of each single unit through broadcasting of a control signal; the flexibility in the aggregated power consumption can be used for supplying balancing power to the electric power system. Indirect control approach is convenient from communication point of view since the real-time data flow is only in one direction because the decision is computed locally according to user preferences. On the other hand, this approach results in an open loop control scheme, since it is assumed that no real-time power readings from the units can be performed. The aim of the paper is to discuss the performance of an emulated closed loop control using an estimator for predicting the aggregate power response and a regulator. By using these components it is possible to produce a control signal to broadcast to distributed demand side resources. A population of DSRs, buildings with electric space heating, is indeed simulated in a software simulation platform using an hardware in the loop approach, that allows to feedback the real heat dynamics of SYSLAB FlexHouse into the simulations for pretending more realistic result.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC)
Publication date2012
ISBN (Print)9781467320658
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event51st IEEE Conference on Decision and Control - Maui, HI, United States
Duration: 10 Dec 201213 Dec 2012
Conference number: 51


Conference51st IEEE Conference on Decision and Control
CountryUnited States
CityMaui, HI

Cite this

Sossan, F., & Bindner, H. W. (2012). Evaluation of the performance of indirect control of many DSRs using hardware-in-the-loop simulations. In Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC) (pp. 5586-5591). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/CDC.2012.6425881