Evaluation of the efficacy of an autogenous Escherichia coli vaccine in broiler breeders

Lili Li, Ida Thøfner, Jens Peter Christensen, Troels Ronco, Karl Pedersen, Rikke H Olsen

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    Abstract

    In poultry production Escherichia coli autogenous vaccines are often used. However, the efficacy of autogenous E. coli vaccinations has not been evaluated experimentally in chickens after start of lay. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective effect of an autogenous E. coli vaccine in broiler breeders. Three groups of 28 weeks old broiler breeders (unvaccinated, vaccinated once and twice, respectively) were challenged with a homologous E. coli strain (same strain as included in the vaccine) or a heterologous challenge strain in an experimental ascending model. The clinical outcome was most pronounced in the unvaccinated group; however, the vast majority of chickens in the vaccinated groups had severe pathological manifestations similar to findings in the unvaccinated group after challenge with a homologous as well as a heterologous E. coli strain. Although significant titer rises in IgY antibodies were observed in the twice vaccinated group, antibodies did not confer significant protection in terms of pathological impact. Neither could transfer of maternal derived antibodies to offspring be demonstrated. In conclusion, with the use of the present model for ascending infection, significant protection of an autogenous E. coli vaccine against neither a homologous nor a heterologous E. coli challenge could not be documented.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalAvian Pathology
    Volume46
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)300-308
    ISSN0307-9457
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Keywords

    • APEC
    • Vaccine
    • Autogenous
    • Broiler breeders
    • Challenge study

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