This paper presents an approach for evaluating the horizontal stresses that develop in geotechnical Direct Simple Shear (DSS) tests through the use of high-resolution distributed fiber optic sensing. For this aim, fiber optics were embedded in 3D printed rings used for confining the soil in the test procedure. An analytical approach linking the measured spatially-distributed strain profile and the internal soil-ring contact stresses is developed in the paper. The method is based on representation of the contact stresses by a Fourier series expansion, and determining the coefficients of the series by minimizing the difference between the measured strain and the analytical strain within the linear elastic ring. The minimization problem results in a linear set of equations that can easily be solved for a given measurement. The approach is demonstrated on a set of drained DSS tests on clean sand specimens. Stress paths using the evaluated horizontal stresses are plotted together with Mohr circles at failure. These illustrate how, in these specific tests, the horizontal stress increases and principal stress direction rotates, until failure occurs along horizontal planes.
- Distributed diber-optic sensing
- Direct simple shear
- Geotechnical engineering
- Contact problems
- Soil properties