Evaluation of alternative pollutant emission control strategies to urban water systems using substance flow analysis

L. Lundy, D. M. Revitt, Eva Eriksson, C. Viavattene

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearch


The EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires Member States to protect their inland (and coastal) surface and groundwater bodies. However, the way in which WFD requirements can be met, including the associated stringent environmental quality standards, is less clear. This paper presents selected results from the ScorePP project (an EU Framework Programme 6-funded consortium) which developed and assessed the performance of a series of emission control strategies (ECS) at an urban scale. Data from the literature, in combination with expert judgement (where data was not available), have been used to develop semi-hypothetical case cities (SHCCs), which represent virtual platforms for the evaluation of ECSs using substance flow analysis. The results indicate that the full implementation of existing legislation is capable of reducing total emissions of Cd and Hg by between 11% and 20%. Consideration of emissions on a compartment-by-compartment basis indicates that the impact of a particular ECS is sensitive to both pollutant and city-specific characteristics. Whilst reductions in emissions to one compartment are typically associated with an increase in emissions to an alternative compartment, the final compartment is influenced by the type of ECS selected. Limitations of the current approach are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 12th International Conference on Urban Drainage
Publication date2011
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event12th International Conference on Urban Drainage - Porto Alegre, Brazil
Duration: 11 Sep 201116 Sep 2011
Conference number: 12


Conference12th International Conference on Urban Drainage
CityPorto Alegre
Internet address


  • Semi-hypothetical case cities
  • Priority pollutants
  • Substance flow analysis

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