Evaluating Energy Consumption of Internet Services

Leif Katsuo Oxenløwe (Invited author), Quentin Saudan (Invited author), Jasper Riebesehl (Invited author), Mujtaba Zahidy (Invited author), Smaranika Swain (Invited author)

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


This paper summarizes recent reports on the internet’s energy consumption and the internet’s benefits on climate actions. It discusses energy-efficiency and the need for a common standard for evaluating the climate impact of future communication technologies and suggests a model that can be adapted to different internet applications such as streaming, online reading and downloading. The two main approaches today are based on how much data is transmitted or how much time the data is under way. The paper concludes that there is a need for a standardized method to estimate energy consumption and CO2 emission related to internet services. This standard should include a method for energy-optimizing future networks, where every Wh will be scrutinized.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEICE Transactions on Communications
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)1036-1043
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • UN Sustainable Development Goals
  • energy consumptions
  • information and communication technology
  • optical fiber communication
  • telecommunications


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