In Europe there have been many cooperative studies into transport emission inventories since the late 80s. These cover the scope of CORINAIR program involving experts from seven European Community laboratories addressing only road transport emissions at national level. These also include the latest COST 319 action bringing together about 80 active scientists from the whole of Europe and considering all modes of transport and all inventory levels. The paper briefly presents the history of the various multilateral and EC initiatives and discusses the latest in more detail, from the collection of the raw data to the design of the inventory tools. The paper also considers the structures and the main assumptions of the current inventory methods for the various transport modes and various areas of application, including reference to work currently in progress or planned for the near future. Topics covered are the composition of the vehicle fleets, emission factors, driving statistics and the modeling approach. Many of the European initiatives aim also at promoting further cooperation between national laboratories and at defining future research needs. An assessment of these future needs is presented from a European point of view.
|Title of host publication||European initiatives for modeling emissions from transport|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|
|Event||8TH CRC ON-ROAD VEHICLE EMISSIONS WORKSHOP - San Diego|
Duration: 1 Jan 1998 → …
|Conference||8TH CRC ON-ROAD VEHICLE EMISSIONS WORKSHOP|
|Period||01/01/1998 → …|