European cold season lightning map for wind turbines based on radio soundings

Stephan Vogel, Joachim Holbøll, Javier Lopez, Anna Candela Garolera, Søren Find Madsen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In this paper, the meteorological data of cold season thunderstorms in Japan and Spain are reviewed to determine the threshold conditions at which cold season lightning was recorded in the past. The variables investigated are the height of the -10°C and 0°C isotherms above ground, the wind velocity, the precipitable water in the cloud, and the wind direction. Meteorological data of 72 radio sounding stations in Europe is analyzed for a 5 year period (2009-2014) in the months from October until March. Based on this information, a European map has been created indicating areas where the meteorological conditions for self-triggered upward lightning, as being observed in Japan and Spain, are identified. This map may give an indication if a potential wind power plant or structure has the risk to be affected by frequent lightning attachments in the cold season which are predominantly upward initiated. The advantage of using meteorological parameters to define cold season thunderstorm areas is the independence of Lightning Location Systems (LLS), which are limited to detect upward lightning. Additionally, meteorological data is publicly available.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of International Colloquium on Lightning and Power Systems
Number of pages7
PublisherCIGRE (International Council on Large Electric Systems)
Publication date2016
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventInternational Colloquium on Lightning and Power Systems - Bologna, Italy
Duration: 27 Jun 201629 Jun 2016

Conference

ConferenceInternational Colloquium on Lightning and Power Systems
CountryItaly
CityBologna
Period27/06/201629/06/2016

Keywords

  • Upward Lightning
  • Tall structures
  • Wind turbines
  • Winter lightning
  • Cold season lightning
  • Radio sounding

Cite this

Vogel, S., Holbøll, J., Lopez, J., Garolera, A. C., & Madsen, S. F. (2016). European cold season lightning map for wind turbines based on radio soundings. In Proceedings of International Colloquium on Lightning and Power Systems CIGRE (International Council on Large Electric Systems).
Vogel, Stephan ; Holbøll, Joachim ; Lopez, Javier ; Garolera, Anna Candela ; Madsen, Søren Find. / European cold season lightning map for wind turbines based on radio soundings. Proceedings of International Colloquium on Lightning and Power Systems. CIGRE (International Council on Large Electric Systems), 2016.
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abstract = "In this paper, the meteorological data of cold season thunderstorms in Japan and Spain are reviewed to determine the threshold conditions at which cold season lightning was recorded in the past. The variables investigated are the height of the -10°C and 0°C isotherms above ground, the wind velocity, the precipitable water in the cloud, and the wind direction. Meteorological data of 72 radio sounding stations in Europe is analyzed for a 5 year period (2009-2014) in the months from October until March. Based on this information, a European map has been created indicating areas where the meteorological conditions for self-triggered upward lightning, as being observed in Japan and Spain, are identified. This map may give an indication if a potential wind power plant or structure has the risk to be affected by frequent lightning attachments in the cold season which are predominantly upward initiated. The advantage of using meteorological parameters to define cold season thunderstorm areas is the independence of Lightning Location Systems (LLS), which are limited to detect upward lightning. Additionally, meteorological data is publicly available.",
keywords = "Upward Lightning, Tall structures, Wind turbines, Winter lightning, Cold season lightning, Radio sounding",
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Vogel, S, Holbøll, J, Lopez, J, Garolera, AC & Madsen, SF 2016, European cold season lightning map for wind turbines based on radio soundings. in Proceedings of International Colloquium on Lightning and Power Systems. CIGRE (International Council on Large Electric Systems), International Colloquium on Lightning and Power Systems, Bologna, Italy, 27/06/2016.

European cold season lightning map for wind turbines based on radio soundings. / Vogel, Stephan; Holbøll, Joachim; Lopez, Javier; Garolera, Anna Candela; Madsen, Søren Find.

Proceedings of International Colloquium on Lightning and Power Systems. CIGRE (International Council on Large Electric Systems), 2016.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - European cold season lightning map for wind turbines based on radio soundings

AU - Vogel, Stephan

AU - Holbøll, Joachim

AU - Lopez, Javier

AU - Garolera, Anna Candela

AU - Madsen, Søren Find

PY - 2016

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N2 - In this paper, the meteorological data of cold season thunderstorms in Japan and Spain are reviewed to determine the threshold conditions at which cold season lightning was recorded in the past. The variables investigated are the height of the -10°C and 0°C isotherms above ground, the wind velocity, the precipitable water in the cloud, and the wind direction. Meteorological data of 72 radio sounding stations in Europe is analyzed for a 5 year period (2009-2014) in the months from October until March. Based on this information, a European map has been created indicating areas where the meteorological conditions for self-triggered upward lightning, as being observed in Japan and Spain, are identified. This map may give an indication if a potential wind power plant or structure has the risk to be affected by frequent lightning attachments in the cold season which are predominantly upward initiated. The advantage of using meteorological parameters to define cold season thunderstorm areas is the independence of Lightning Location Systems (LLS), which are limited to detect upward lightning. Additionally, meteorological data is publicly available.

AB - In this paper, the meteorological data of cold season thunderstorms in Japan and Spain are reviewed to determine the threshold conditions at which cold season lightning was recorded in the past. The variables investigated are the height of the -10°C and 0°C isotherms above ground, the wind velocity, the precipitable water in the cloud, and the wind direction. Meteorological data of 72 radio sounding stations in Europe is analyzed for a 5 year period (2009-2014) in the months from October until March. Based on this information, a European map has been created indicating areas where the meteorological conditions for self-triggered upward lightning, as being observed in Japan and Spain, are identified. This map may give an indication if a potential wind power plant or structure has the risk to be affected by frequent lightning attachments in the cold season which are predominantly upward initiated. The advantage of using meteorological parameters to define cold season thunderstorm areas is the independence of Lightning Location Systems (LLS), which are limited to detect upward lightning. Additionally, meteorological data is publicly available.

KW - Upward Lightning

KW - Tall structures

KW - Wind turbines

KW - Winter lightning

KW - Cold season lightning

KW - Radio sounding

M3 - Article in proceedings

BT - Proceedings of International Colloquium on Lightning and Power Systems

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Vogel S, Holbøll J, Lopez J, Garolera AC, Madsen SF. European cold season lightning map for wind turbines based on radio soundings. In Proceedings of International Colloquium on Lightning and Power Systems. CIGRE (International Council on Large Electric Systems). 2016