European and Indian Grid Codes for Utility Scale Hybrid Power Plants

Anca Daniela Hansen*, Kaushik Das, Poul Sørensen, Pukhraj Singh, Andrea Gavrilovic

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    The aim of this paper is to review and compare present European and Indian grid code requirements imposed to hybrid power plants (HPPs) combining wind, solar and storage technologies. Since there are no grid codes specifically for HPPs, the paper will review grid codes for the power plant based on individual renewable technology in the HPP. European grid codes specifies ranges for parameters inside which each national transmission system operators (TSO) has to specify the set of national parameters (Danish specifications in this paper). The comparisons are performed with respect to fault-ride-through capability, frequency and voltage operation ranges, active power control/frequency support as well as reactive power control/voltage support.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number4335
    Issue number14
    Number of pages15
    Publication statusPublished - 2021


    • Danish grid code
    • European Comission Regulation
    • Grid codes
    • Hybrid power plants
    • Indian grid code
    • Solar power
    • Storage
    • Wind power


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