Estimation of turbulence intensity using rotor effective wind speed in Lillgrund and Horns Rev-I offshore wind farms

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2016Researchpeer-review



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Turbulence characteristics of the wind farm inflow have a significant impact on the energy production
and the lifetime of a wind farm. The common approach is to use the meteorological mast measurements
to estimate the turbulence intensity (TI) but they are not always available and the turbulence varies over
the extent of the wind farm. This paper describes a method to estimate the TI at individual turbine locations by using the rotor effective wind speed calculated via high frequency turbine data.
The method is applied to Lillgrund and Horns Rev-I offshore wind farms and the results are compared
with TI derived from the meteorological mast, nacelle mounted anemometer on the turbines and estimation based on the standard deviation of power. The results show that the proposed TI estimation
method is in the best agreement with the meteorological mast. Therefore, the rotor effective wind speed
is shown to be applicable for the TI assessment in real-time wind farm calculations under different
operational conditions. Furthermore, the TI in the wake is seen to follow the same trend with the
estimated wake deficit which enables to quantify the turbulence in terms of the wake loss locally inside
the wind farm.
Original languageEnglish
JournalRenewable Energy
Pages (from-to)524-532
Publication statusPublished - 2016
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

    Research areas

  • Turbulence intensity, Rotor effective wind speed, Real-time wind farm calculations

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