Estimating soil emissions and toxicity impacts from the application of livestock manure: application to heavy metals at national scale

Alexandra Segolene Corinne Leclerc, Alexis Laurent

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

    110 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Aiming for a more efficient use of resources, the European Commission encourages the use of animal manure as a fertilizer providing nutrients and organic matter to improve crop productivity and soil fertility [1,2]. However livestock manure contains traces from pathogens, veterinary medicines and feed additives (e.g. antibiotics and heavy metals), which may cause damages to ecosystems and human health. To prevent large damages from happening, tools such as Environmental risk assessment (ERA) and life cycle assessment (LCA) are used to evaluate the environmental risks and impacts of the pollutant emissions resulting from manure application. Both methodologies first require an estimation of the emissions to soil as part of their respective stages of exposure assesment and life cycle inventory analysis.
    To provide consistent support to high level policy-makers, e.g. supporting regulations on the use of such substances in livestock production, large-scale assessments are required. To date, the total emissions of harmful substances resulting from the application of manure at country level have however been rarely quantified. We therefore developed a framework to estimate these releases to soil in a systematic way. We applied it to emissions of 8 heavy metals (HMs) in 215 countries from 2000 to 2014 and analysed the resulting environmental toxicity-related impacts based on life cycle impact assessment.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSETAC Europe: 27th Annual Meeting – Environmental Quality Through Transdisciplinary Collaboration
    Number of pages2
    Publication date2017
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    EventSETAC Europe: 27th Annual Meeting – Environmental Quality Through Transdisciplinary Collaboration - Brussels, Belgium
    Duration: 7 May 201713 Jul 2017

    Conference

    ConferenceSETAC Europe: 27th Annual Meeting – Environmental Quality Through Transdisciplinary Collaboration
    CountryBelgium
    CityBrussels
    Period07/05/201713/07/2017

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Estimating soil emissions and toxicity impacts from the application of livestock manure: application to heavy metals at national scale'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this