Estimating bolt tightness from measured vibrations: Influence of boundary nonlinearity

Si Mohamed Sah, Jon Juel Thomsen, Marie Brøns, Alexander Fidlin, Dmitri Tcherniak

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A technique is proposed to assess the level of bolt tightness and to quantify the tension based on measured natural frequencies and damping ratios of the bolt. This technique is investigated experimentally and theoretically. A simple model for the bolt that consists of a pre-stressed one dimensional beam linear equation with nonlinear stiffness and damping at its boundaries is investigated to explain experimental results. Figure 1a shows the squared first bending natural frequency for a bolt as function of bolt tension. At low tension the squared natural frequency rapidly increases with tension. As the bolt is gradually tightened the frequency starts changing approximately linearly with tension [1, 2]. Figure 1b shows the first mode damping ratio of the bolt as function of the bolt tension. At low tension the damping ratio decreases rapidly with tension and then starts slowly decreasing for higher tension.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2018
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event10th European Solid Mechanics Conference (ESMC10) - Bologna, Italy
Duration: 2 Jul 20186 Jul 2018


Conference10th European Solid Mechanics Conference (ESMC10)


  • Bolt tightness
  • Boundary stiffness
  • Boundary damping


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