### Abstract

A technique is proposed to assess the level of bolt tightness and to quantify the tension based on measured natural frequencies and damping ratios of the bolt. This technique is investigated experimentally and theoretically. A simple model for the bolt that consists of a pre-stressed one dimensional beam linear equation with nonlinear stiffness and damping at its boundaries is investigated to explain experimental results. Figure 1a shows the squared first bending natural frequency for a bolt as function of bolt tension. At low tension the squared natural frequency rapidly increases with tension. As the bolt is gradually tightened the frequency starts changing approximately linearly with tension [1, 2]. Figure 1b shows the first mode damping ratio of the bolt as function of the bolt tension. At low tension the damping ratio decreases rapidly with tension and then starts slowly decreasing for higher tension.

Original language | English |
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Publication date | 2018 |

Number of pages | 1 |

Publication status | Published - 2018 |

Event | 10th European Solid Mechanics Conference (ESMC10) - Bologna, Italy Duration: 2 Jul 2018 → 6 Jul 2018 |

### Conference

Conference | 10th European Solid Mechanics Conference (ESMC10) |
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Country | Italy |

City | Bologna |

Period | 02/07/2018 → 06/07/2018 |

### Keywords

- Bolt tightness
- Boundary stiffness
- Boundary damping

## Cite this

Sah, S. M., Thomsen, J. J., Brøns, M., Fidlin, A., & Tcherniak, D. (2018).

*Estimating bolt tightness from measured vibrations: Influence of boundary nonlinearity*. Abstract from 10th European Solid Mechanics Conference (ESMC10), Bologna, Italy.