Estimating air density using observations and re-analysis outputs for wind energy purposes

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A method to estimate air density as a function of elevation for wind energy resource assessments is presented. The current practice of using nearby measurements of pressure and temperature is compared with a method that uses re-analysis data. It is found that using re-analysis data to estimate air density gives similar or smaller mean absolute errors compared to using measurements that were on average located 40 km away. A method to interpolate power curves that are valid for different air densities is presented. The new model is implemented in the industry-standard model for wind resource assessment and compared with the current version of that model and shown to lead to more accurate assessment of the air density at different elevations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2038
JournalEnergies
Volume12
Issue number11
Number of pages12
ISSN1996-1073
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

    Research areas

  • Air density, Wind energy, Power curves, WAsP, ERA5, CFSR

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